论文题目：Hydrogen Sulfide Positively Regulates Abscisic Acid Signaling through Persulfidation of SnRK2.6 in Guard Cells
论文作者：Chen S, Jia H, Wang X, Shi C, Wang X, Ma P, Wang J, Ren M, Li J
论文摘要：The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays pivotal roles in triggering stomatal closure and facilitating adaptation of plants to drought stress. Hydrogen Sulﬁde (H2S), a small signaling gas molecule, is involved in ABA-dependent stomatal closure. However, how H2S regulates ABA signaling remains largely unclear. Here, we show that ABA induces the production of H2S catalyzed by L-CYSTEINE DESULFHYDRASE1 (DES1) in guard cells and H2S in turn positively regulates ABA signaling through persulfidation of Open Stomata 1 (OST1)/SNF1-RELATED PROTEIN KINASE2.6 (SnRK2.6). Two cysteine (Cys) sites, Cys131 and Cys137 that are exposed on the surface of SnRK2.6 and closed to the activation loop, were identified to be persulfidated, which promotes the activity of SnRK2.6 and its interaction with ABA response element-binding factor2 (ABF2), a transcription factor downstream of ABA signaling. When Cys131, Cys137 or both in SnRK2.6 was substituted with Serine (S), H2S-induced SnRK2.6 activity and SnRK2.6-ABF2 interaction were partially (SnRK2.6C131S and SnRK2.6C137S) or completely (SnRK2.6C131SC137S) comprised. Introduction of SnRK2.6C131S, SnRK2.6C137S, or SnRK2.6C131SC137S into ost1-3 mutant could not rescue the mutant phenotype, showing less sensitive to ABA- and H2S-induced stomatal closure and Ca2+ influx as well as increased water loss and decreased drought tolerance. Taken together, our study reveals a novel post-translational regulatory mechanism of ABA signaling in which H2S persulfidates SnRK2.6 to promote ABA signaling and ABA-induced stomatal closure.